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Basic First Aid Kit

Having a basic first aid kit is crucial to treat unexpected injuries and accidents before medical help arrives. It can make a huge difference in the surviving chance of the affected person. Considering the current events, it is even more important to have a first aid kit and not only one, but multiple first aid kits.

Having them on hand in different places other than your home is a key to always being ready for disaster, survival or emergency. You should have one in your car, in your workplace, and in your kid's bug out bag.

If you don't have a lot of knowledge on what medical supplies you need to put in your first aid kit, you can buy a premade first aid kit to know more about the options and find out what works best for you. If you rather build your own, which we highly suggest here are some must-haves to include in it:

What To Include in Your First Aid Kit

-Disposable Gloves: To protect from infection when treating injuries.

-Cold Compress: To reduce pain and inflammation.

-Oral thermometer.

-Sterile eye dressings.

-Cotton Balls.

-Tweezers: To remove small foreign bodies that pierce the skin.

-Scissors: Are useful to cut bandages to fit wounds.

-Cotton-tipped applicator: Helps to clean difficult areas and apply treatments in small areas.

-Eyewash: This is a saline solution that is useful to rinse eyes when they are contaminated with substances.

-First-Aid Manual: You can have all the necessary medical supplies but if you don't know how they work the first aid kit will be useless. The manual is a crucial item to learn about the right way to use the supplies needed.

-Sterile Eye pad.

-Emergency Blanket:It is a blanket that helps a person to reduce heat loss.

-Safety Pins:They can have different uses in the first aid kit. They can be used to secure a bandana a wounded and bleeding arm or leg. They can be used to immobilize an arm or keep a severe wound close when you can't access other medical supplies.

-Butterfly Closure Strips:Helps to close a small wound.

-Tourniquet: It is useful in an emergency to control bleeding from an injured limb.

-Aluminum Finger Splint: It is useful to treat finger fractures.

Don't Forget Bandages

-Elbow/knee bandages.

-Elastic Bandage:They reduce blood flow to a body part and reduce muscle strains.

-Triangular Bandage: It works as an arm sling and helps to immobilize an injury to a joint.

-Gauze pads:It is used in wound care and is effective to treat excessive bleeding.

-Adhesive tape:It is used to hold bandages and gauze pads on wounds and helps to prevent infections.

-Abdominal Pad: It is sterile and absorbent. Its purpose is to cover abdominal wounds.

-Pedialyte: It is a hydration solution that helps to restore the balance of electrolytes and is useful for people who is suffering diarrhea or dehydration.

-Distilled water: To clean and sanitize any cuts and scrapes. Prevents infections.

-Hydrogen Peroxide:It is a disinfectant solution that helps minor wounds to heal faster.

-Alcohol pads: To clean the area around a wound.

-CPR Mask: It provides rescue breath during a heart attack or respiratory arrest.

Medicines

-Diphenhydramine: It is an oral antihistamine medicine that reduces itching rashes and allergic reactions.

-Pain Killers: There are three types of pain relievers that you can include in the first aid kit. The first is non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen which is considered the safest and aspirin which is not recommended for kids or people with bleeding problems. The second group consists of acetaminophen which helps to reduce fever and pain but it isn't helpful to reduce inflammation. The third group consists of topical medications like lidocaine and benzocaine that can be directly applied to the skin or mucous membranes like the inside of our nose or mouth to reduce pain.

-Cough Suppressants: To relieve those uncontrollable coughs. If the cough is dry it is recommended to use medicine like dextromethorphan. If the cough sounds more chesty it is best to use an expectorant like guaifenesin.

-Dimenhydrinate: It is used to combat nausea and motion sickness.

-Medication for Indigestion:Always keep a bottle of Maalox or tums for those who are suffering from symptoms of indigestion, dyspepsia, and bloating.

-Loperamide: This medication helps to reduce the discomfort that comes with diarrhea and prevent the risk of dehydration.

-Hydrocortisone:It is a topical corticosteroid that is effective to reduce itchiness, swelling, redness, and irritation. It provides instant relief and helps the injuries to heal faster.

Surprising Things you Should Add to your First Aid Kit

-Stethoscope: Listen to gastric noises and hart

-Oximeter:This will measure the oxygen in your blood and heart rate

-Blood Stop: It is a sponge that turns into a gel when it comes in contact with blood and absorbs it.

-Duct Tape: On emergency cases, it can work to wrap a splint or as a temporary bandage.

-Activated Charcoal: It can delay the effects of an ingested poison.

-Chewable Ginger: Helps to reduce nausea and motion sickness.

-Tampons or Sanitary Napkins: Thanks to its high absorbency rate it can work great to plug a wound and serve as a large bandage. It also works to control bloody noses.

-Superglue: You can use it when you don't have access to medical glue and have a small wound to close.

-Floss: You can use it to suture or make a tourniquet.

-Vaseline: You can put the petroleum jelly around the wound after it is clean to seal it off from other contaminants.

-Instant Jelly: It is useful if someone experiences signs of low blood sugar.

-A credit card: You can use it to brush the stinger away after an insect bite or sting. This will prevent you from squeezing it and injecting more venom.

-Razor Blades: Every survival kit should have a pair of razor blades. They are useful to remove unwanted hair when you need to stick an adhesive or to get the right fit for an N95 mask.


Conclusion

You can always purchase a pre made first aid kit but making your own will provide you with a customized first aid kit. Preparing for disaster, Homesteading, Bug Out Bag, Pandemic, survival or any other situation you will need a first aid kit specifically focused on every member of your family. Even your animals!

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